Noctuidae - Psaphidinae - Nocloini



Paramiana callaisata Blanchard

Paramiana callaisata Blanchard, 1972, Jour. Lep. Soc., 26: 61, figure 10 adult, figs. 6,7 male genitalia.

Diagnosis: Paramiana callaisata is possibly the most distinctive member of the smaragdina species group. Its most recognizable feature is a large, white forewing reniform mark. The reniform mark commonly has an inner circle of light gray, but the white dominates and makes the mark the dominant feature of the forewing. The overall coloration of the wing is deep, dark brown. The basal area is suffused with dull gray-green scales, although the area looks dull olive brown rather than exhibiting the metallic green flashes of new species 2 and smaragdina. The antemedial line is light, obscure brown slightly edged outwardly with a little black, and with three scallops, one near the costa, the second in the middle of the wing, and the third near the inner margin. The claviform mark is present, ovate, defined by black, and sometimes nearly filled with black as well. A black patch is present on the inner side of the postmedial line opposite the claviform mark and in a few specimens is large enough to nearly join with the black of the claviform mark making a black streak through the center of the median area. The median area is not flecked with gray-green scales and is clearly browner than either the basal region or the third of the wing following the postmedial line. The medial line is weak. The orbicular mark is a small circle and is very inconspicuous relative to the reniform mark. The postmedial line is minutely scalloped, light, and vaguely defined by black on its inner side. The outer third of the wing past the postmedial line is flecked with dull gray-green scales, although never conspicuously so, and a series of light yellow-brown dots is present along the outer margin. The hindwing is dull brown white (males) or suffused with brown-gray (females). A dull brown subterminal band, postmedial line, and discal dot are present in males, but these marks are obscured in females.Wing length: mean = 13.03 mm, standard deviation = 0.16 mm, n = 10.

Adults have been collected in August and September.

Distribution: Paramiana callaisata is known only from western Texas and has been collected in Brewster, Culberson, and Jeff Davis Counties. The female hindwing is darker than the male and the hindwing markings found in the male and obscured in the female. The amount of white scaling in the forewing reniform is slightly variable as is the amount of gray-green scaling in the basal and subterminal regions of the forewing, i.e. some specimens tend to be browner and others possess a distinct olive-brown cast.

Identification Quality: Excellent

Larva: Unknown

Foodplants: Unknown


Paramiana callaisata

This species is easily separated from smaragdina and new species 2 by the absence of bright green patches of scales on the forewing and by the conspicuous white reniform mark. Size will distinguish it from either marina or Paramiana new species 4. The species is most likely to be confused with Paramiana new species 1. The conspicuous white reniform mark of callaisata should immediately identify it. The male clasper is much narrower and more arcuate than in new species 1 and the female appendix bursae is more triangular and not as elongate.

Similar Species

Paramiana new species 1

Paramiana marina

Paramiana new species 4

Paramiana new species 2